Follow the instructions in the installation guide below that corresponds to your operating system:
You can find all installation options for a variety of operating systems on the official PostgreSQL download page.
By default, the application is configured to connect to a local database named
PracticalDeveloper_development. If you need to specify a username and a password, you can go about it by using the environment variable
DATABASE_URL with a connection string.
The official Rails guides go into depth on how Rails merges the existing
database.yml with the connection string.
Add the following:
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export DATABASE_URL=postgresql://USERNAME:PASSWORD@localhost # Optional: If your test database is in a different url, be sure to set this. export DATABASE_URL_TEST=postgresql://USERNAME:PASSWORD@localhost
USERNAMEwith your database username,
PASSWORDwith your database password.
You can find more details on connection strings in PostgreSQL's own documentation.
NOTE: due to how Rails merges
DATABASE_URL it's recommended not to add the database name in the connection string. This will default to your development database name also during tests, which will effectively empty the development DB each time tests are run.
We use PgBouncer to manage connection pooling.
Database pooling creates a shared pool of connections to our database, rather than creating new connection each time. PgBouncer is a wrapper around our database connection and ensures that we only have a finite set of "cached" connections to the database. This means that our app doesn't need to actually connect to the database, it only needs to connect to the pool of connections. The number of connections to the database (the connection limit) is dependent on our Heroku Postgres plan. PgBouncer ensures that we do not exceed our plan's connection limit.